The fact that research on social dances in Hungary has focused on the older forms makes this difficult. Round dances were mostly seen as too new and too foreign to be deemed worthy of documentation and research. The task therefore remains to identify them among the dance forms practised in Hungary and to contextualise them in the socio-cultural and political circumstances of the first half of the nineteenth century.
Moreover, only a small amount of this material has been published in languages other than Hungarian. In order to achieve the task, we have set ourselves, a selected corpus of the most important sources is presented here in the form of an annotated catalogue.
This catalogue aims to demonstrate the variability and richness of the relevant sources, but also serves as a reference for the last part of this chapter, which discusses issues of reception, the rivalry between Hungarian and foreign dances, and the cultural leírás man társkereső in that context.
The rise of a Hungarian counterpart to the foreign round dances is one of the main conclusions. The catalogue material is mainly selected from existing literature about this topic in Hungary, supplemented with results produced by the present research.
7. Reception of Nineteenth-Century Couple Dances in Hungary
On the one hand, we will see that the Csárdás does not fall entirely within the definition of round dances. On the other hand, it was clearly inspired by them, making it a national replacement.
At the outset of the nineteenth century, the repertory of dances practised in Hungary was extraordinarily diverse, reflecting the multiplicity of ethnic groups and socio-cultural conditions of the country.
Soldier dances, as a multi-ethnic phenomenon inherited from the eighteenth century, were gradually fading from the repertoire. Women singing as an accompaniment to round dances among Hungarians were rarely mentioned by the sources, and researchers paid little attention to them.
See Musical Source No. This process was hastened by the fact that the practise of traditional dance types was not limited to particular ethnic groups or countries.
The spread of dances and melodies was likely a result of factors like migration, common service in the imperial army, extensive family relations and seasonal work by rural people in distant provinces.
They were made by foreign and Hungarian authors alike, but the only detailed description, from which we can reconstruct the dance, was published by Kilányi in Hungarian and in German, in his reference book Körtánc. As such, they enjoyed only temporary fame.
To a lesser extent, Csárdás as a Hungarian national dance with a social dance function was also integrated into this group of nineteenth-century couple dances. Generally, the choreographies had a fantasy name e. Devil Dance, Highwayman Dance, Turkish Groupbut it was also popular to name them after their form, or profession, or nationality.
Among them, we can define some dance types that are partly of German, partly of Slavic Polish-Czech and partly of French origin, and show the characteristic features of the nineteenth-century couple dances listed in the Introduction to this volume The following part of this chapter focuses on these dances in particular. We introduce the results of the research in Hungary so szabad francia dance site, and provide a selection of the most relevant sources.
- Oranienburg tudják
- gergelyair.hu | Színház, Koncert, Fesztivál, Jegyvásárlás
Translation from the Hungarian by László Felföldi. I imagine the dances of Hungarians as a tree, the trunk of which is constituted by the folk dances, that is the ancient, original way of their dancing.
Besides, we may find dances which grow beside the tree, neither coming from it, nor being merged into it.
I cannot omit either of them from the book, because historical data prove that they became fashionable among Hungarians, although their character could not become Hungarian. The nineteenth-century couple dances are represented by twelve items of data.
Four of them date back to the end of the eighteenth century and the others to the first decades of the nineteenth. Additionally, he supplemented the historical data with valuable ethnographic information about the spreading of these dances among the peasantry in Hungary during the second half of the nineteenth century. As a result, these parts of his book became more complex and scholarly than any other previous writing on this topic.
However, we have to take into consideration that Réthei was himself biased by the ideas of nineteenth-century patriots — the authors of these sources — and his book was also dedicated to fenntartása ismerősének issue.
Táncrekonstrukció Cellarius táncmester leírása Egey ? As for the music of these dances, historian Bence Szabolcsi has contributed substantially to the research on this topic. Published init provides more than one hundred historical sources texts, pictures, musical notes about Csárdás, which has a similar history to the nineteenth-century couple dances and in some sense belongs to the same class as these. Due to the nature of the historical sources, the book constitutes a treasure trove of evidence about nineteenth-century couple dances as well.
Szabad francia dance site Költsége ebay focused on Csárdás. She did not place special emphasis on the study of the Waltz, the Polka, and the others, but she did collect material that proved to be useful for further research. The scientific reconstruction based on these two dances was published in Táncművészeti Értesítő [Bulletin of the Dance Arts] in Reconstructions contributed to the precision of the szabad francia dance site features of these dances.
Her comprehensive articles address the history of European and Hungarian dance teaching as a craft from the fifteenth to the twentieth century. They give a wide panorama of the topic, with numerous interesting details contextualised in the political, social and cultural situation of the period.
Bisztrótól a pizsamáig - honnan erednek népszerű szavaink?
Among others, Ernő Pesovár dealt with social dances also from the nineteenth century and their affinity to or isolation from the couple dances practised in Hungary. In his classification, Martin created a special category for them, beyond the old and new stylistic layers.
The criterion belonging to this stylistic layer is not simply their obvious foreign provenance, but the limited degrees of their assimilation, folklorisation and spreading. These dances preserved their original form, and music of their own. Their style is totally different from that of our old- and new-style dances.